Endodontic treatment is commonly known as ‘root canal’. ‘Endo’ is the Greek word for ‘inside’ and ‘odont’ is the Greek for ‘tooth’. Endodontic treatment treats the inside of the tooth.
At the centre of your tooth is the pulp. The pulp is a collection of blood vessels that helps build the surrounding tooth during formation and remains in the centre of your tooth. The pulp can become infected by trauma to the tooth, deep decay, cracks and chips, or repeated dental procedures. Symptoms of the infection can be identified as sensitivity to temperature or pain in the tooth or gums, or visible injury or swelling beside the tooth.
How is root canal performed?
The injured pulp is removed and the root canal system is thoroughly cleaned and sealed. This therapy usually requires anaesthesia and may be completed it one or more visits depending on treatment required. Success for this treatment occurs in at least 90% of cases. If your tooth is not amenable to endodontic treatment or the chance of success is unfavourable, you will be informed at the time of consultation or when a complication becomes evident during or after treatment.
What happens after treatment?
After endodontic treatment a restoration is usually required to protect the tooth. Posterior teeth usually require a dental crown to prevent the tooth from fracturing.